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Our recent paper: Biophysical and functional properties of purified glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit 1

Posted by on Monday, January 3, 2022 in Recent news.

Biophysical and functional properties of purified glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit 1


Glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit 1 (G6PC1) plays a critical role in hepatic glucose production during fasting by mediating the terminal step of the gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis pathways. In concert with accessory transport proteins, this membrane-integrated enzyme catalyzes glucose production from glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) to support blood glucose homeostasis. Consistent with its metabolic function, dysregulation of G6PC1 gene expression contributes to diabetes, and mutations that impair phosphohydrolase activity form the clinical basis of glycogen storage disease type 1a. Despite its relevance to health and disease, a comprehensive view of G6PC1 structure and mechanism has been limited by the absence of expression and purification strategies that isolate the enzyme in a functional form. In this report, we apply a suite of biophysical and biochemical tools to fingerprint the in vitro attributes of catalytically active G6PC1 solubilized in lauryl maltose neopentyl glycol (LMNG) detergent micelles. When purified from Sf9 insect cell membranes, the glycosylated mouse ortholog (mG6PC1) recapitulated functional properties observed previously in intact hepatic microsomes and displayed the highest specific activity reported to date. Additionally, our results establish a direct correlation between the catalytic and structural stability of mG6PC1, which is underscored by the enhanced thermostability conferred by phosphatidylcholine and the cholesterol analog cholesteryl hemisuccinate. In contrast, the N96A variant, which blocks N-linked glycosylation, reduced thermostability. The methodologies described here overcome longstanding obstacles in the field and lay the necessary groundwork for a detailed analysis of the mechanistic structural biology of G6PC1 and its role in complex metabolic disorders.


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