Past Tenses

Like modern French, Francien demonstrates two common tenses to describe actions in the past, one for simple and complete actions  (often called the preterite) and another for habitual actions, narration, and actions without a clearly defined beginning or end (the imperfect). These two tenses roughly correspond to the passé composé and imparfait in modern French usage.


fust (377) / 3rd person singular

oï (312) / 3rd person singular



aviiez (343) / 2nd person plural


estoit (140) / 3rd personal singular