Religious Ambivalence in Jewish American Philanthropy
In this chapter, I consider Jewish philanthropic federations, and their ambivalent relationship to Jewish religion from the 19th century to the present. I attempt to show that much of this ambivalence stems from the fact that these philanthropic institutions understand themselves not only to be agents of voluntary action for the public good but also agents of Jewish communal governance. As the federations have come to understand themselves as taking on state-like functions for the American Jewish community, American notions of “church-state separation” have led to ongoing debates about the proper role, if any, of Jewish religion within this philanthropic system.
The chapter focuses on three moments in the Federation system’s history: the original move toward federated philanthropy a century ago, the utilization of ritual in the Soviet Jewry movement in the 1960s, in the efforts of the 1990s to redefine the relationship between federations and synagogues.
Shaul Kelner. 2013. “Religious Ambivalence in Jewish American Philanthropy.” Chapter 2 in Thomas J. Davis, ed., Family, Friend, Foe? The Relationship of Religion and Philanthropy in Religious Philanthropic Organizations. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. Pp. 28-49.