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Technical Report: Quality Assessment Tool for Machine Learning with Clinical CT

Posted by on Saturday, August 28, 2021 in Lung Screening CT.

Riqiang Gao, Mirza S. Khan, Yucheng Tang, Kaiwen Xu, Steve Deppen, Yuankai Huo, Kim L. Sandler, Pierre P. Massion, Bennett A. Landman, Technical Report: Quality Assessment Tool for Machine Learning with Clinical CT, Technical report, 2021.

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Image Quality Assessment (IQA) is important for scientific inquiry, especially in medical imaging and machine learning. Potential data quality issues can be exacerbated when human-based workflows use limited views of the data that may obscure digital artifacts. In practice, multiple factors such as network issues, accelerated acquisitions, motion artifacts, and imaging protocol design can impede the interpretation of image collections. The medical image processing community has developed a wide variety of tools for the inspection and validation of imaging data. Yet, IQA of computed tomography (CT) remains an under-recognized challenge, and no user-friendly tool is commonly available to address these potential issues. Here, we create and illustrate a pipeline specifically designed to identify and resolve issues encountered with large-scale data mining of clinically acquired CT data. Using the widely studied National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), we have identified approximately 4% of image volumes with quality concerns out of 17,392 scans. To assess robustness, we applied the proposed pipeline to our internal datasets where we find our tool is generalizable to clinically acquired medical images. In conclusion, the tool has been useful and time-saving for the research study of clinical data, and the code and tutorials are publicly available at