Improving Spleen Volume Estimation via Computer Assisted Segmentation on Clinically Acquired CT Scans
Zhoubing Xu, Adam L. Gertz, Ryan P. Burke, Neil K. Bansal, Hakmook Kang, Bennett A. Landman, Richard G. Abramson. Improving Spleen Volume Estimation via Computer Assisted Segmentation on Clinically Acquired CT Scans. Acad Radiol. 2016 Oct;23(10):1214-20. PMC5026951
Full text: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27519156
Objectives: Multi-atlas fusion is a promising approach for computer-assisted segmentation of anatomic structures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and time efficiency of multi-atlas segmentation for estimating spleen volumes on clinically acquired computed tomography (CT) scans.
Materials and Methods: Under an institutional review board approval, we obtained 294 de-identified (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant) abdominal CT scans on 78 subjects from a recent clinical trial. We compared five pipelines for obtaining splenic volumes: Pipeline 1 – manual segmentation of all scans, Pipeline 2 – automated segmentation of all scans, Pipeline 3 – automated segmentation of all scans with manual segmentation for outliers on a rudimentary visual quality check, and Pipelines 4 and 5 – volumes derived from a unidimensional measurement of craniocaudal spleen length and three-dimensional splenic index measurements, respectively. Using Pipeline 1 results as ground truth, the accuracies of Pipelines 2-5 (Dice similarity coefficient, Pearson correlation, R-squared, and percent and absolute deviation of volume from ground truth) were compared for point estimates of splenic volume and for change in splenic volume over time. Time cost was also compared for Pipelines 1-5.
Results: Pipeline 3 was dominant in terms of both accuracy and time cost. With a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.99, average absolute volume deviation of 23.7 cm(3), and time cost of 1 minute per scan, Pipeline 3 yielded the best results. The second-best approach was Pipeline 5, with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.98, absolute deviation of 46.92 cm(3), and time cost of 1 minute 30 seconds per scan. Manual segmentation (Pipeline 1) required 11 minutes per scan.
Conclusion: A computer-automated segmentation approach with manual correction of outliers generated accurate splenic volumes with reasonable time efficiency.
Illustration of the required measurements from different pipelines for estimating the spleen volume. Pipelines 2 and 3 extract the whole spleen volume, whereas Pipelines 4 and 5 measure splenic diameters along different axes.